judging by the prayers, why does Calvin believe it is God’s responsibility to purify a person’s heart?



17.3 John Calvin, Prayer from Commentary on Hosea


John Calvin (1509-1564) was the principle leader of the Protestant Reformation, in the non-German speaking area of Western Europe, particularly France, Switzerland, and the Low Countries. While much of his influence depended upon his role as a pastor in Geneva (1541-1564), Calvin also authored several works, in which he translated and provided commentary on several books of the Bible. Among his works is the Commentary on Hosea, each offering summations of his interpretation of key portions of the book. Calvin argues in his Commentary that the people of Israel chose to worship other gods and idols, and God chose Hosea to lead the people toward the path of redemption. There were several key doctrinal differences between Calvin and Roman Catholicism, particularly election, faith as a gift from God rather than a human means of meeting grace and salvation, and the continued perseverance of all believers through the process of sanctification. In chapter 1, prayer lecture 3, Calvin mentions the Babylonian exile (586-538 BCE), which was the forced exile of Jews to Babylon (present day Iraq) by King Nebuchadnezzar II (634-562 BCE), the king of Babylon.


Source: Calvin, John, Commentary on Hosea. Translated by John Owen (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Christian Classics Ethereal Library, 1816)


Grant, Almighty God, that as we were from our beginning lost, when though wert pleased to extend to us thy hand, and to restore us to salvation for the sake of thy Son; and that as we continue even daily to run headlong to our own ruin, – O grant that we may not, by sinning so often, so provoke at length thy displeasure as to cause thee to take away from us the mercy which hast hitherto exercised towards us, and through which thou hast adopted us: but by thy Spirit destroy the wickedness of our heart, that being fortified by the defense, we may continue safe even amidst all kinds of danger, until at length thou gathers us into that blessed rest, which has been prepared for us in heaven by our Lord, Jesus Christ. Amen.

Grant, Almighty God, that as have not only been redeemed from Babylonian exile, but have also emerged from hell itself; for when we were the children of wrath thou didst freely adopt us, and we were aliens, thou didst in your infinite goodness open to us the gate of thy kingdom, that we might be made thy heirs through the Son, O grant that we may walk circumspectly before thee, and submit ourselves wholly to thee and to thy Christ, and not feign to be his members, but really prove ourselves to be his body, and to be so governed by his Spirit, that thou may at last gather us together into thy celestial kingdom, to which thou daily invite us by the same Christ our Lord. Amen.

Grant, Almighty God, that as thou hast not only of late adopted us as thy children, buy before we were born, and as thou hast been pleased to sign us, as soon as we came forth from our Mother’s womb, with the symbol of that holy redemption, which has been obtained for us by the blood of thy only begotten Son, though we have by our ingratitude renounced so great a benefit, – O grant, that being mindful of our defection and unfaithfulness, of which eve are all guilty, and for which thou hast justly rejected us, we may now with true humility and obedience of faith embrace the grace of thy gospel now again offered to us, by which thou reconciles thyself to us; and grant that we may steadfastly preserve in pure faith, so as never to turn aside from the true obedience of faith, but to advance more and more in the knowledge of thy mercy, that having strong and deep roots, and being firmly grounded in the confidence of sure faith, we may never fall away from the true worship of thee, until thou at length receives us to that eternal kingdom, which has been procured for us by the blood of thy only Son. Amen.

Reading and Discussion Questions. For your writing assignment, select any ONE question and answer it in detail (1-2) pages. Please state the question that you are answering the top of your answer.


  1. Judging by the prayers, why does Calvin believe it is God’s responsibility to purify a person’s heart?
  2. Why would the Babylonian exile of the ancient Israelites be an important metaphor for Calvin to use in describing the Christian’s life on earth?
  3. Commentators often describe Calvin’s view of humanity as pessimistic. What in the prayers offer Calvin hope about the ability of human beings to do good?
  4. How might the prayers illustrate the doctrinal tensions between Roman Catholicism and Calvin’s form of Protestantism?



Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

We value our clients. For this reason, we ensure that each paper is written carefully as per the instructions provided by the client. Our editing team also checks all the papers to ensure that they have been completed as per the expectations.

Professional Academic Writers

Over the years, our Acme Homework has managed to secure the most qualified, reliable and experienced team of writers. The company has also ensured continued training and development of the team members to ensure that it keep up with the rising Academic Trends.

Affordable Prices

Our prices are fairly priced in such a way that ensures affordability. Additionally, you can get a free price quotation by clicking on the "Place Order" button.

On-Time delivery

We pay strict attention on deadlines. For this reason, we ensure that all papers are submitted earlier, even before the deadline indicated by the customer. For this reason, the client can go through the work and review everything.

100% Originality

At Essay USA, all papers are plagiarism-free as they are written from scratch. We have taken strict measures to ensure that there is no similarity on all papers and that citations are included as per the standards set.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support team is readily available to provide any guidance/help on our platform at any time of the day/night. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email: support@acmehomework.com.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Essay USA has stood as the world’s leading custom essay writing services providers. Once you enter all the details in the order form under the place order button, the rest is up to us.


Essay Writing Services

At Essay USA, we prioritize on all aspects that bring about a good grade such as impeccable grammar, proper structure, zero-plagiarism and conformance to guidelines. Our experienced team of writers will help you completed your essays and other assignments.


Admission and Business Papers

Be assured that you’ll definitely get accepted to the Master’s level program at any university once you enter all the details in the order form. We won’t leave you here; we will also help you secure a good position in your aspired workplace by creating an outstanding resume or portfolio once you place an order.


Editing and Proofreading

Our skilled editing and writing team will help you restructure you paper, paraphrase, correct grammar and replace plagiarized sections on your paper just on time. The service is geared toward eliminating any mistakes and rather enhancing better quality.


Technical papers

We have writers in almost all fields including the most technical fields. You don’t have to worry about the complexity of your paper. Simply enter as much details as possible in the place order section.