Answer the questions

WORKSHEETS PARTS A – J      COMPLETE BY OCTOBER 10, 2021

 

 

PART A

 

Please read the article “How to keep your head from exploding in Seattle traffic” by Doughton, 2018.

 

The purpose of the article is to help you understand the relevance of psychology in our daily lives (e.g., the rage we see on our roads). Besides, it will also help you to control yourself (anger) when next you’re on the road and faced with such hassles.

To show your understanding of the material, you’re required to identify the following psychological concepts from the article:

  1. Deindividuation
  2. Fundamental attribution error
  3. Self-serving bias
  4. Outgroup homogeneity bias
  5. Sympathetic nervous system arousal

Next, define them using your own words and quoting sections of the article that illustrate each of the concepts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART B

 

Signs of Aging Activity: 

This activity explores some of the signs and effects of aging. Please complete the video and activities listed below and use them to answer the following questions.

Materials:

Questions:

  1. What cognitive abilities remain stable as you age?

 

 

  1. What is crystallized intelligence?

 

 

  1. What cognitive abilities decline as we age?

 

 

  1. How can tinnitus be avoided?

 

 

  1. What are some of the side effects of sarcopenia (muscle loss)?

 

 

 

  1. Discuss how you believe age-related declines in vision could impact well being and life satisfaction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART C

 

  1.     Identify three issues that have engaged developmental psychologists.

 

  1.     Describe the course of prenatal development, and explain how teratogens affect that development.

 

  1.     Describe how a child’s mind develops from the perspectives of Piaget & Vygotsky.

 

  1.     Describe how psychologists study attachment differences, and discuss what they have learned.

 

  1.     Describe three parenting styles, and explain how children’s traits relate to them.

 

  1.     Describe adolescent moral development according to Kohlberg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART D

 

You’re to complete this exercise:

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

 

  1. A 4-year-old insists small people must live in the TV because they are right there behind the glass. Identify the stage and the phenomenon being displayed by the child.

 

  1. A child adept at roller skating goes ice skating for the first time. She keeps trying to stand and move just as on roller skates but falls again and again. According to Piaget, what is necessary for mastery of this new skill?

 

  1. An 8-year-old boy threatened to tell his parents when given only one of the three candy bars he and 10-year-old brother were told to share. The older child then broke his brother’s bar in half and gave him two pieces. This satisfied both children because they each had two pieces. Identify the cognitive stages of these children and the disadvantage that allows the younger child to be cheated

 

  1. Previously, whenever Johnny banged with a spoon, his mother would put it in a drawer and Johnny would quickly move on to something else. Now that he is 8 months old, this isn’t working. The child continues to demand the spoon even though he can’t see it. Identify the cognitive stage of this child and the change that has taken place.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART E

 

  1. Define cognition, and describe the functions of concepts.
  2. Describe the cognitive strategies that assist our problem-solving, and identify the obstacles that hinder it.
  3. Define the following: Intuition, Overconfidence, belief perseverance
  4. Define creativity and explain the difference between convergent thinking/divergent thinking.
  5. Identify some of the milestones in language development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART F

 

Complete this and submit:

(A) Inductive Problem Solving

Discover the rule and select the correct answer for the following analogies:

 

  1. ARGUMENT: DEBATE::
  2. philosophy: psychology
  3. violence: peace
  4. challenge: opponent
  5. fight: contest
  6. individual: group

 

  1. ENERGY: DISSIPATE::
  2. battery: recharge
  3. atoms: split
  4. food: heat
  5. money: squander
  6. gas: generate

 

  1. GERM: DISEASE::
  2. trichinosis: pork
  3. men: women
  4. doctor: medicine
  5. war: destruction
  6. biological: cell

 

  1. DAM:WATER::
  2. over: under
  3. embargo: trade
  4. beaver: fish
  5. river: stream
  6. curse: H2O

 

 

  1. TADPOLE: FROG::
  2. gander: goose
  3. caterpillar: butterfly
  4. husband: wife
  5. frog: fish e. daisy: rose

 

  1. SHONE: DISHONEST::
  2. lest: candlestick
  3. seen: revelation
  4. concealed: honesty
  5. caught: thief
  6. neither: innocence

 

(B) Deductive Reasoning Syllogisms

If a person gets athlete’s foot, then the person’s toes will fall off.

  1. He has athlete’s foot.
  2. He does not have athlete’s foot
  3. His toes fell off.
  4. His toes did not fall off.

 

If “a” is the second statement in the syllogism, is it valid to conclude that his toes will fall off?

If “b” is the second statement, is it valid to conclude that his toes will not fall off?

If “c” is the second statement, is it valid to conclude that he has athlete’s foot?

If “d” is the second statement, is it valid to conclude that he does not have athlete’s foot?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART G

My Head is Spinning

In each of the following questions, pick one of the four shapes that you believe is identical to the first figure but rotated:

    1. A
    2. B
    3. C
    4. D

 

    1. A
    2. B
    3. C
    4. D

 

    1. A
    2. B
    3. C
    4. D

 

 

 

 

 

 

Click on the link below to watch a short video about mental rotation and how our brains organize information:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xW8JPJO9-VI

Based on the video you just watched, answer the following questions:

  1. What is mental rotation?
    1. The process of thinking of moving objects.
    2. Physically rotating items.
    3. The process of imagining an object rotating in three-dimensional space.
    4. None of the above.

 

  1. What is an example of concept hierarchy (Arranged from most general concept to most specific concept)?
    1. Animals à Birds à Sparrow/Eagle
    2. Animals à House à Bathroom
    3. Koi/Catfish à Fish à Animals
    4. Trees à Cats à Television

 

  1. What does a category do to information?
    1. Separates similar concepts.
    2. Organizes concepts to around one concept that they have in common.
    3. Compares contrasting concepts.
    4. None of the above.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART H

 

  1. Define motivation as psychologists use the term today, and identify the perspectives from which they view motivated behavior
  2. Describe the physiological factors that produce hunger.
  3. Discuss cultural and situational factors that influence hunger.
  4. Discuss the factors that predispose some people to become and remain obese.
  5. Describe how social networking influences us.
  6.    Define achievement motivation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I

PsychSim: HUNGER AND THE FAT RAT

Please watch the two videos below and answer the following questions.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVfyYrEmzgM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zdSfHzO4Fpg

 

  1. What type of chemical messenger is sent to the hypothalamus when full? How are these chemical messengers produced?

 

 

 

  1. What are the roles of the two sets of neurons inside the hypothalamus that are important for the feeling of hunger?

 

 

  1. What conclusions were you able to draw about the effects of the following procedures:

 

  • Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus (LH)?

 

  • Lesioning of the LH?

 

  • Stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH)?

 

  • Lesioning of the VMH?

 

  1. Can eating be explained by a homeostatic model? Why or why not?

PART J

All Stressed Out

 

Differentiate Stressor, Stress Reaction, and Stress

Watch this video (up to 1:53): https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/processing-the-environment/stress/v/what-is-stress

  • Define Stressor:

 

  • Define Stress Reaction:

 

  • Define Stress:

 

 

Checking your Stress Level

Go to this link fill out the short questionnaire to receive your stress score: https://www.bemindfulonline.com/test-your-stress

What was your score? _____

Do you think that such a test accurately captures your experience? What other factors should be considered?

 

 

 

 

 

Stress on the Brain and Body

Watch these two videos:

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuyPuH9ojCE
  2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-t1Z5-oPtU

Describe the effects of stress on the following:

  • Amygdala:
  • Hippocampus:
  • Brain size:
  • Heart:
  • Blood pressure:
  • Stomach/intestinal tract:
  • Immune cells:
  • Overall health:

 

General Adaptation Syndrome

Watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XADIs-A1iiM

Describe the three stages of Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome:

 

 

 

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